Ingredients Glossary

Apple Apples are a natural source of vitamins and healthy fiber. Fiber helps support digestion.
Beef Real Beef is a highly digestible protein source that provides nutrients to support healthy organs and lean muscle.
Biotin Biotin is a B vitamin that helps the body metabolism nutrients such as fats, carbohydrates and proteins. It is an essential vitamin that supports many of the tissues in the body.
Blueberries Blueberries are an excellent source of vitamins, minerals and fiber. They are considered a superfood because they help support overall health and well-being.
Brown Rice Brown Rice is an excellent carbohydrate source that provides slow release of energy due to its fiber content.
Calcium Carbonate Calcium Carbonate is a mineral compound that provides the essential nutrient calcium to the diet.
Calcium ioidate Calcium iodate is a mineral compound that provides the essential nutrients calcium and iodine to the diet.
Carrots Carrots are rich in vitamins and plant-based antioxidants (carotenoids) that help support overall health and well-being.
Cassia Gum Cassia Gum is a source of soluble fiber that is produced from a bean and is used as a thickening agent in canned products.
Chicken Real Chicken is a highly digestible protein source that provides essential amino acids, fatty acids, and certain minerals for muscle development, organ function, and energy.
Chicken Broth Chicken Broth is a source of flavor oftern used instead of plain water for processing can food.
Chicken Fat Chicken Fat is a highly digestible source of energy and is rich in linoleic acid, an omega-6 fatty acid essential for life.
Chicken Liver Chicken Liver is an organ meat high in protein and essential vitamins and minerals. It is also used as a natural flavor enhancer.
Chicken Meal Chicken Meal is a high quality dry protein source that also supplies naturally occurring minerals and glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate to the diet.
Chickpeas Chickpeas are a nutritious member of the fiber-rich legume family of vegetables.
Choline Chloride Choline Chloride is an essential nutrient, similar to the B vitamins. Choline is required for normal nervous system function, normal growth in young animals and protection of the kidneys. It can be synthesized in the liver, but is a dietary requirement.
Citric Acid (preservative) Citric Acid is a natural antioxidant
Cobalt Carbonate Cobalt Carbonate is a source of the mineral cobalt. Cobalt is a component of vitamin B12.
Copper Protenate Copper Proteinate, a chelated form of the essential mineral copper, making it more available to the body where it aids in bone formation, iron absorption and protein metabolism. Copper also plays a role in normal reproduction and coat pigmentation.
Copper Sulfate Copper Sulfate is an inorganic form of copper, a required mineral element. Copper aids in bone formation, iron absorption and protein metabolism. Copper also plays a role in normal reproduction and coat pigmentation.
Cracked Pearled Barley Cracked Pearled Barley is an excellent grain that offers a healthy source of energy for your pet.
Cranberries Cranberries are a natural, antioxidant-rich source of vitamins and minerals that help support your pet's immune system.
Dicalcium Pantothenate Dicalcium Pantothenate is a source of pantothenic acid, a B vitamin that is important for normal immune function, proper energy levels and nervous system function.
DL-Methionine DL-Methionine is an essential amino acid which, along with cysteine, is one of two sulfur-containing amino acids that helps to build proteins. In cat recipes, it also serves to help acidify the urine.
Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) derived from salmon oil is an essential omega-3 fatty acid, critical for brain and vision development in growing puppies and kittens.
Dried Chicory Root Dried Chicory Root is a natural source of prebiotic fiber that supports the populations of healthy bacteria in the digestive tract.
Dried Egg Product Dried Egg Product is dried whole eggs,a highly digestible complete protein source.
Dried Enterococcus faecium fermentation product Dried Enterococcus faecium fermentation product is a probiotic that supports digestion and gut health.
Dried Kelp Kelp is a good source of minerals, including iodine, an essential nutrient for the glands in the body.
Dried Lactobacillus acidophilus fermentation product Dried Lactobacillus acidophilus fermentation product is a probiotic that supports digestion and gut health.
Dried Lactobacillus casei fermentation product Dried Lactobacillus casei fermentation product is a probiotic that supports digestion and gut health.
Dried Lactobacillus plantarum fermentation product Dried Lactobacillus plantarum fermentation product is a probiotic that supports digestion and gut health.
Duck Real Duck is an easily-digestible lean protein source that is naturally rich in amino acids, which helps support strong muscles.
Faba Beans Faba Beans are legumes and are also know as broad beans. They are excellent sources of not only carbohydrates, but also protein and fiber.
Ferrous Sulfate Ferrous Sulfate is an inorganic form of iron which is added to enhance the iron content of the food. Iron is responsible for the transport of oxygen throughout the body.
Folic Acid Folic Acid is a water soluble B vitamin necessary for formation of red blood cells and for normal function of the nervous system and reproduction (fetal development).
Glucosamine Hydrochloride Glucosamine Hydrochloride is a building block for normal healthy joints.
Glycerin Glycerin is used in the treats to create the optimal texture and consistency.
Ground Flaxseed Flaxseed is   rich in fiber and is a prime plant source for healthy omega-3 fatty acids.
Guar Gum Guar Gum is a gluten-free product made from guar beans. It is used in canned food to help the food set properly during the canning process.
Inositol Inositol is a vitamin-like nutrient that supports nerve conduction.
Inulin Inulin is prebiotic fiber for digestive support
L-Carnitine L-Carnitine is vitamin like nutrient that helps support healthy weight and metabolism.
Lamb Real Lamb is a   highly digestible protein source that provides essential amino acids and fatty acids that help support muscle development and healthy skin and coat.
Legumes Legumes contain protein, fiber and carbohydrates and are nutritious ingredients for pet foods.
Lentils Lentils are a part of the legume family. They contain protein, fiber and carbohydrates and are nutritious ingredients for pet foods.
Manganese Proteinate Manganese Proteinate is the chelated form of manganese. Manganese is a micro mineral which functions as a component of several cell enzymes that catalyze metabolic reactions and is important for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.
Manganous Oxide Manganous Oxide is the oxide form of manganese needed for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction.   Manganese is a micro mineral which functions as a component of several cell enzymes that catalyze metabolic reactions and is important for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction.
Manganese Sulfate Manganese Sulfate is an inorganic mineral source of manganese. Manganese is a micro mineral which functions as a component of several cell enzymes that catalyze metabolic reactions and is important for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction.
Menhaden Fish Meal Menhaden Fish Meal is a highly digestible source of protein and minerals and is an excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids such as DHA and EPA.
Mixed Tocopherols Mixed Tocopherols are natural preservatives made of compounds of vitamin E.
Natural Flavor Natural Flavor is an ingredient that is added to enhance the flavor and acceptance of the food.
Niacin Supplement Niacin Supplement is a supplemental source for vitamin B3 which is iimportant for maintenance of hair, skin, nervous system and energy metabolism.
Oat Groats Oat Groats are similar to oatmeal and have healthy fiber, which is good for digestive health.
Oatmeal Oatmeal is a whole-grain product made from coarsely ground oat and is naturally rich in vitamins and dietary fiber.
Parsley Flakes Parsley is a natural herb that is used to enhance the flavor and appearance of your pet's food.
Pea Fiber Pea Fiber is a good source of both insoluble and soluble fiber that effectively helps support intestinal function.
Pea Flour Pea Flour is made from whole ground peas and is an excellent carbohydrate source while also providing some protein and fiber to the diet.
Pea Protein Pea Protein is derived using a special process that separates the protein from the starch and fiber to create a digestible, low ash protein source with the added benefit of phytonutrients.
Peas Peas are highly nutritious legumes: a source of carbohydrates and are rich in natural fiber to help supprt GI Health and a source of protein, vitamins and minerals.
Potassium Chloride Potassium Chloride is a source of the two essential minerals, potassium and chloride. These nutrients are required for body fluid maintenance, nerve conduction (including normal heart rhythm), and certain metabollic processes. Potassium is the main electrolyte in intracellular fluid.
Potassium Iodide Potassium Iodide is a standard source of potassium, an essential mineral that helps maintain body fluid, nerve conduction and metabolic processes.
Potato Protein Potato Protein is the protein portion of potatoes. It is an excellent back-up source of protein in high-protein recipes to help keep the ash low.
Potatoes Potatoes are a highly digestible carbohydrate source. Carbohydrates provide energy for everyday activity.
Powdered Cellulose Cellulose is an all-natural dietary fiber source. It is used to increase fiber levels to help support healthy digestion.
Pyridoxine Hydrochloride Pyridoxine Hydrochloride (Vitamin B6) is necessary for blood cell formation and nervous system function.
Riboflavin Supplement Riboflavin Supplement (Vitamin B2) is necessary for nervous system function, energy utilization, healthy skin and coat and tissue repair.
Rosemary Extract Rosemary Extract is an herbal extract that is added as a flavor enhancer.
Salmon Real Salmon is a easily digestible protein that provides essential nutrients, which help maintain healthy organs and lean muscle mass and is naturally rich in Omega 3 fatty acids, which help support cognitive health.
Salmon Oil Salmon Oil is extracted from salmon and is rich in omega-3 fatty acids such as EPA and DHA.
Salt Salt is a source of sodium and chloride and is used in formulas for growing animals or reproducing animals.
Sodium Selenite Sodium Selenite is a form of selenium, an essential trace mineral necessary for normal immune function and reproduction.
Spinach Spinach is a good source of fiber, minerals and vitamins. Spinach also contains flavonoids and carotenoids, which make it a superfood.
Sweet Potatoes Sweet Potatoes are vegetables rich in dietary fiber, vitamins, minerals and beta carotene; an ideal complex carbohydrate source that provides all day energy.
Taurine Taurine is an essential amino acid for kitten and cat health. It helps support kitten growth and vision and heart health throughout a cat’s life.
Thiamine Mononitrate Thiamine Mononitrate (Vitamin B1) is required for protein and carbohydrate metabolism, as well as to maintain normal nervous system function.
Tomatoes Tomatoes are a source of vitamins and lycopene, important antioxidants.
Tricalcium Phosphate Tricalcium Phosphate is an anti-caking agent, emulsifier and dietary supplement of phosphorus, an essential mineral for bone health.
Turkey Real Turkey is a lean, easily digestible protein that helps build and maintain lean muscle mass. It is rich in vitamins and minerals, which promote energy and overall health.
Turkey Meal Turkey Meal provides essential amino acids and vitamins, which help maintain lean muscle and healthy organs. Turkey Meal is also a natural source of Glucosamine and Chondroitin, which helps support joint health.
Xanthan Gum Xanthan Gum is used as an emulsifier, a thickener.
Vitamin A supplement Vitamin A helps to promote overall good health; necessary for reproduction, vision, normal skeletal and tooth development, immunity and tissue integrity.
Vitamin B12 supplement Vitamin B1 2 helps support your pet's overall health; necessary for formation of red blood cells and normal nervous system function.
Vitamin D3 supplement Vitamin D3 helps support your pet's overall health; regulates calcium and phosphorus balance and bone calcification.
Vitamin E supplement Vitamin E helps suppport your pet's overall health; helps protect cell membranes, regulates intracellular respiration and immune function.
Water Water is used as a source of moisture in canned foods.
Yucca schidigera extract Yucca schidigera extract is a plant extract that helps support healthy digestion.
Zinc Oxide Zinc Oxide a source of zinc, protects against free radicals, essential to insulin formation and immune function.
Zinc Proteinate Zinc Proteinate is a chelated form of zinc. Zinc is necessary for the formation of proteins in the body, normal immune system function, skin and wound healing, growth and reproduction. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.